death and taxes

Death and Taxes

The Two Certainties of Life (And Business).

As Benjamin Franklin famously quipped, “In this world, nothing can be said to be certain, except death and taxes.” If you’re in business, it’s crucial to know which taxes you’ll need to pay.

Our mantra is simple: understand the taxes your business is liable for, and you can plan and budget accordingly. No surprises!

Corporation Tax

Limited Companies are subject to Corporation Tax on their taxable profits.

Profit RangeTax Rate (%)
Up to £50,00019% (Small Profits Rate)
£50,001 to £250,000Marginal Relief applies (19% to 25%)
Above £250,00025% (Main Rate)

Note: If your company has associated companies, these thresholds will be reduced.

Income Tax

Sole Traders and Partners pay Income Tax based on their adjusted business profits.

RegionTax BandRate(%)
England, Wales, NIBasic Rate20%
Higher Rate40%
Additional Rate45%
ScotlandStarter Rate19%
Basic Rate20%
Intermediate Rate21%
Higher Rate42%
Top Rate48%


Dividends are taxed as income.

Dividend BandTax Rate (%)
Up to £500 per year0%
Above £500 to £12,5700% (if personal allowance not used elsewhere)
Basic Rate Band8.75%
Higher Rate Band33.75%
Additional Rate Band39.35%

VAT (Value Added Tax)

VAT is added to most goods and services at a rate of 20%. However, some items are zero-rated like books, children’s clothing, and motorcycle helmets. Because nothing says tax exemption like a good book or a safe ride!

If your business turnover exceeds £90,000, you must register for VAT. Turnover under this? You can still register voluntarily – because why not complicate things?

Business Rates

Business Rates are charged on most business premises based on the value of the property. So, if your office has a stunning view, brace yourself for the rates.

Employers’ National Insurance Contributions (NICs)

If you have employees, you must pay Employers’ NICs on their wages and benefits. Smaller firms might claim the Employment Allowance to reduce this burden. Because every little helps!

Capital Gains Tax

Sole Traders, Partners, and Companies may have to pay Capital Gains Tax when selling assets that have appreciated in value.

Asset Types:

  • Land and Buildings
  • Fixtures and Fittings
  • Shares
  • Registered Trademarks
  • Your Business’s Reputation

Selling a bit of your business? Time to share the love with HMRC.

Accountant York


Considering taxes is an essential part of any business planning. Being aware and planning accordingly are key to meeting your obligations.

We’re here to help! Get in touch if you have any questions, In the meantime…

Keep Accurate Records: Track all transactions, expenses, and income. File tax returns on time – or face the wrath of the HMRC!

Plan Ahead: Budget for your tax payments to avoid nasty surprises. Set aside money and stay ahead.

Seek Professional Advice: Tax laws are as tangled as a bowl of spaghetti. Professional advice can help you navigate and even find some tasty tax reliefs.

Take Advantage of Tax Reliefs: Check if your business qualifies for small business rates relief, capital allowances, and other goodies.

Consider Your Business Structure: Whether a limited company or a sole trader/partnership structure is best depends on your specific situation. Choose wisely!

How We Work

Working with us couldn’t be easier and we make switching simple

Step 1.

Book A FREE Consultation

Contact us to book your FREE initial consultation. We’ll work around times that best suit you.

Step 2.

Initial Discussion

We take the time to get to know you and your business, your challenges and expected outcome.

Step 3.

Recommend Options

We’ll review and present our recommended options in plain english with associated fees.

What’s Included

It’s important you make a good connection with your accountant. Your accountant will become an extension of your business, working with you, for you.

Our initial free consultation allows us to get to know each other and for us to understand your challenges. We’ll also explain how we think we can make a difference. Here’s what you should expect in your initial consultation.

  • Typical consultations take around an hour, so we won’t take up too much of your time.

  • Don’t worry about preparing lots of information for us ahead of the meeting, it is not necessary.

  • If you would like to send us your last return, we’ll happily take a look before we meet.

  • We can meet at your convenience. Out of hours and even weekends, just let us know.

  • There’s no obligation and we will happily answer any questions you may have.

Book a FREE Consultation

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Franks Accountants respect our customers privacy. Rest assured, we will never pass your details on to any other companies.